Mutiny in Mali
The State of Mali is the latest victim of a state of lawlessness affecting Sahel nations. Economic misery, an armed conflict against its Touareg ethnic population, relentless actions from terror groups allegedly affiliated to Al Qaeda, and an incompetent regime have pushed Mali into the abyss. Unable to fight on several fronts with insufficient resources, a group of Soldiers are turning against their leaders in what appears to be a coup attempt against the man that led a coup d'etat in 1990.
The soldiers appeared on state television Thursday morning after a night of gunfire around the presidential palace, announcing they had created a new committee to rule the country.
"The long night has ended with a group of soldiers making a declaration on national television - the national television station that was occupied by soldiers Wednesday morning - and they declared they had ended the regime of Amadou Toumani Toure, and put in place the 'National Committee for the Recovery of Democracy and the Restoration of State,' following an attack at the presidential palace and following the protest at the Kati military camp, directed by Captain Amadou Aya Sanogo." said Traore. "The captain told the population to stay calm and said the committee does not have any ambitions to hold on to power."
A number of ministers have been arrested, but the whereabouts of President Toure remain unclear. There were reports that the president had been moved to a safe location away from the fighting.
Mali was scheduled to hold elections next month. President Toure had said he was stepping aside after serving two terms in office.
Wednesday morning troops began protesting at the Kati military camp in a suburb of Bamako after a meeting with Mali's defense minister that apparently went badly. The soldiers have been demanding better weapons to fight the ethnic Tuareg rebels who have seized several towns in Mali's remote northern desert region.
Soldiers fired their guns into the air and at least two soldiers were wounded. Troops also mutinied in the northern garrison town of Gao.
President Toure helped lead a military junta that overthrew Mali's authoritarian regime in the 1990s. He was then elected in 2002, after first turning power over to an elected civilian government.
He easily won his second term in 2007, but has faced growing dissatisfaction over his handling of the Tuareg rebellion.
Tuareg separatists started attacking army bases in Mali's desert in January, after many Tuareg fighters returned from Libya, where they had assisted ousted Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi. The U.N. refugee agency says the conflict has uprooted 130,000 people in and around Mali. Many soldiers have died in the conflict.
Tuareg nomads have launched periodic uprisings for greater autonomy in both Mali and Niger.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Wednesday he was following the unrest in Mali with "deep concern." The U.S. Embassy in the capital, Bamako, also said it is monitoring the situation closely.