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Chart: Mobile Phone Adoption in Algeria

Source: The North Africa Journal
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How to Secure the Sahel

By Arezki Daoud, The North Africa Journal | Thursday night, the northern Mali region of Kidal witnessed the first wave of serious clashes between the Touaregs and so-called Islamist group Ansar Dine, a group under the influence of Al-Qaeda. The event is critically important in that it confirms that the two groups, the Touaregs organized under the independence movement of the MNLA and the Al-Qaeda operatives in the region (Ansar Dine) have different agendas. As their key leaders have often stated, the Touaregs have not pledged allegiance to foreign Jihadist influences and will not do any time soon. That in itself is not only encouraging, but a major opportunity for those fighting the Jihadists and seeking to root them out. A fresh approach to the Sahel is needed and without an active participation of the Touaregs, the Sahel will remain a dangerous zone. Here’s why....
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Election Fever in Egypt

By VOANews: Millions of Egyptians stood in long lines Wednesday to cast ballots in the first presidential election since President Hosni Mubarak resigned last year amid massive protests. ...
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Legislative Elections: Algeria Takes Three Steps Backward

The North Africa Journal | The expression “the People Have Chosen” does not apply to Algeria’s legislative elections held last week. And judging by the winners, it’s going to be business as usual for the incoming rubber-stamping assembly....
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Algeria vs. Morocco: And the Tit-for-Tat Goes On

The North Africa Journal | Moroccans and Algerians love to hate each other. I am not talking about the people, who are exactly the same in identity, ethnicity, religion and customs and have only respect for one another, but about their governments and leaders, who continue to feud and refuse to face up to the geo-strategic realities of the region today. ...
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Libya: Not out of the Woods Yet

The North Africa Journal | Libya is not out of the woods yet. And for those who think solutions to its multi-faceted crises are near, they should reconsider their views very carefully. It is certain that for a few multinational companies, the time is right to re-engage. With a country that has so much oil and gas, the time is always right to engage. ...
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North Africa: A Fast Evolving Landscape

We felt rather guilty for releasing to you an 80+ page issue. For a moment we thought we should split it into two installments, but here’s the problem: North Africa is a never ending source of critical matters at this very important junction of its history. The news and fast developing stories keep on pouring at such a speed that they inevitably require large amounts of reporting. ...
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Algeria: The Difficult Birth of a Moderate Islamist Political Coalition

While Islamists in Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt have made inroads in the area of governance, and are currently being tested, their Algerian counterparts still remain largely in the opposition. Energized by the outcome of the various elections in the region, Algeria’s various legal Islamist parties seem to be working to coordinate a common approach. But a closer look at their position reveals that they are in competition against one another for leadership as Algerians get closer to their May 2012 election season....
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Algerians and Moroccans Use Cyber Attacks to Settle their Political Feuds

The North Africa Journal | In the evening of November 8, 2011, nearly 200 Moroccan companies and other institutions were the targets of cyber attacks. The exact figure was not confirmed but the event led to the defacing of corporate and institutional websites, making them virtually useless for a short while. What was interesting in this wave of websites defacing was the widespread sentiment that the authors of the attacks were from Algeria. What’s also interesting was the fact that Algerian sites were also the targets of attacks earlier, in the morning of Tuesday and so the cyber attacks against Morocco were of a retaliatory nature. Among the Algerian institutions that faced a cyber attack early Tuesday was the Algerian Tax Department (Direction Générale des Impôts or DGI)....
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Morocco Spends More on Subsidies to Ease Public Opinion on the Political Front

The North Africa Journal | The Moroccans have had their quiet revolution. No drama like Tunisia or Libya, but the regime and the monarchy have taken notice. With public anger boiling at some point over the issue of democracy, Morocco had its near-miss moment. With a clever announcement of changes in the constitution, largely of cosmetic nature, King Mohammed VI swiftly aborted a potential catastrophe, avoiding the sort of fate that the former leaders of Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Yemen and now Syria have met....
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Islamic State (IS) Preparing a North Africa-Sahel Offensive. Displacement of Al Qaeda in the Region Underway

The North Africa Journal: ISIS/ISIL (the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria or simply IS) is currently building up a pretty dense presence of combatants, leaders, and sympathizers in North Africa and in the Sahel. A report released today by stability assessment firm MEA Risk shows that the establishment of an IS presence is underway, spanning from Egypt in the east, to Morocco in the west, and from the Mediterranean Sea, up north (and indeed into Europe), to the Sahel and into Sub-Sahara Africa to the south.
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Amid Ebola and ISIS Threat, Morocco Withdrawal from Hosting Africa Cup Makes Sense, Says MEA Risk

Morocco asked the African football association CAF to postpone its holding of the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations. Morocco’s main and only argument is that such event cannot take place amid a major Ebola crisis. But risk tracking and assessment firm MEA Risk suggests that the ISIS threat has also contributed to Morocco's decision.
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Maghreb & Sahel Top10 Deadliest Cities

Tallying the figures of terrorism and/or politically-motivated killings shows again that Libyan cities were the deadliest in August 2014. The chart below provides a visual of the cities/regions that are facing severe level of violence. The data comes from MEA Risk at http://www.mea-risk.com
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The Libyan Impasse: Two Competing Governments Preparing to Fight to the Death

When we entered September 2014, Libya felt calmer and more subdued. Very little in the form of violent confrontation got recorded within the city center proper, although the western districts remained a hotbed of a violent confrontation between various militias.
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Libya’s Woes and Rivalries: a Divided Congress, the Militias and the Federalists

The North Africa Journal | Tension remains high in Libya. Factions with opposing ideologies and strong men at their top are facing each others with devastating potential for the future of the country.
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North Africa Oil & Gas Infrastructure Security Conference: Security Assessment

The North Africa Journal | The following presentation was made at the end of December 2013. It was addressed to the North Africa Oil & Gas Infrastructure Security Conference, presented by North Africa Journal Editor Arezki Daoud. Paying subscribers could download the full presentation and audio portion by following the link at the end of the page.
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Latest Issue Available for Download

The North Africa Journal is pleased to announce the release of its 235th issue in which Editors discuss a series of topics of economic, political and security interest related to North Africa’s Maghreb region.
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The Geopolitics of Energy in Maghreb Economic Policies

The North Africa Journal | The following presentation was made in late January 2014. It was addressed to the Maghreb Roundtable of the Washington DC-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, the CSIS. It was presented by North Africa Journal Editor Arezki Daoud. Paying subscribers could download the full presentation and audio portion by following the link at the end of the page.
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North Africa and Sahel: Major Military Buildup Underway

The North Africa Journal | By Arezki Daoud | Even as northern Mali continues to deal with the aftermath of its Jihadist invasion and the French offensive to remove them, the biggest concern for the region and international military organizations remains southern Libya and in particular the Libya-Algeria shared borders. A military buildup is underway, involving tens of thousands of troops, and upcoming acquisition of Russian military equipment and Chinese drones.
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Egyptian Military Degrades Muslim Brotherhood Organization

Two people were killed in skirmishes as supporters of deposed president Mohamed Morsi thronged Egypt's cities and towns on Friday for the third time in eight days, trying to rattle an army-backed government bent on crushing his Muslim Brotherhood.
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Sounia Johnson

Sounia Johnson is a Correspondent for The North Africa Journal, based in Los Angeles, California. Mrs. Johnson is Frenco-Algerian, born in Algeria and grew up in Saint-Denis, a multicultural Pan-African suburb near Paris, France. In addition to her role in The North Africa Journal, Sounia is the coordinator of North African Affairs at the Levantine Cultural Center, a non-profit think-tank organization dedicated to promoting cultures and strengthening Arab-American relations in Los Angeles. Sounia’s bicultural heritage and international experience has equipped her with an unparalleled cross-cultural understanding governing socio-political and racial tensions in France. Her expertise lies in the area of French Algerian relations from an urban perspective, exploring assimilation issues of Northern Africans in France and beyond. Her commitment to dispelling institutionalized beliefs is unwavering. Sounia is fluent in English, French and has a basic command of the German language.
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